Source code for errbot.backends.telegram_messenger

import logging
import sys
from multiprocessing.pool import ThreadPool

from errbot.backends.base import RoomError, Identifier, Person, RoomOccupant, Stream, ONLINE, Room
from errbot.core import ErrBot
from errbot.rendering import text
from errbot.rendering.ansiext import enable_format, TEXT_CHRS

# Can't use __name__ because of Yapsy
log = logging.getLogger('errbot.backends.telegram')

UPDATES_OFFSET_KEY = '_telegram_updates_offset'

    import telegram
except ImportError:
    log.exception("Could not start the Telegram back-end")
        "You need to install the telegram support in order "
        "to use the Telegram backend.\n"
        "You should be able to install this package using:\n"
        "pip install errbot[telegram]"

[docs]class RoomsNotSupportedError(RoomError):
[docs] def __init__(self, message=None): if message is None: message = ( "Room operations are not supported on Telegram. " "While Telegram itself has groupchat functionality, it does not " "expose any APIs to bots to get group membership or otherwise " "interact with groupchats." ) super().__init__(message)
[docs]class TelegramBotFilter(object): """ This is a filter for the logging library that filters the "No new updates found." log message generated by This is an INFO-level log message that gets logged for every getUpdates() call where there are no new messages, so is way too verbose. """
[docs] @staticmethod def filter(record): if record.getMessage() == "No new updates found.": return 0
[docs]class TelegramIdentifier(Identifier):
[docs] def __init__(self, id): self._id = str(id)
@property def id(self): return self._id def __unicode__(self): return str(self._id) def __eq__(self, other): return self._id == __str__ = __unicode__ aclattr = id
[docs]class TelegramPerson(TelegramIdentifier, Person):
[docs] def __init__(self, id, first_name=None, last_name=None, username=None): super().__init__(id) self._first_name = first_name self._last_name = last_name self._username = username
@property def id(self): return self._id @property def first_name(self): return self._first_name @property def last_name(self): return self._last_name @property def fullname(self): fullname = self.first_name if self.last_name is not None: fullname += " " + self.last_name return fullname @property def username(self): return self._username @property def client(self): return None person = id nick = username
[docs]class TelegramRoom(TelegramIdentifier, Room):
[docs] def __init__(self, id, title=None): super().__init__(id) self._title = title
@property def id(self): return self._id @property def title(self): """Return the groupchat title (only applies to groupchats)""" return self._title
[docs] def join(self, username: str=None, password: str=None): raise RoomsNotSupportedError()
[docs] def create(self): raise RoomsNotSupportedError()
[docs] def leave(self, reason: str=None): raise RoomsNotSupportedError()
[docs] def destroy(self): raise RoomsNotSupportedError()
@property def joined(self): raise RoomsNotSupportedError() @property def exists(self): raise RoomsNotSupportedError() @property def topic(self): raise RoomsNotSupportedError() @property def occupants(self): raise RoomsNotSupportedError()
[docs] def invite(self, *args): raise RoomsNotSupportedError()
[docs]class TelegramMUCOccupant(TelegramPerson, RoomOccupant): """ This class represents a person inside a MUC. """
[docs] def __init__(self, id, room, first_name=None, last_name=None, username=None): super().__init__(id=id, first_name=first_name, last_name=last_name, username=username) self._room = room
@property def room(self): return self._room @property def username(self): return self._username
[docs]class TelegramBackend(ErrBot):
[docs] def __init__(self, config): super().__init__(config) config.MESSAGE_SIZE_LIMIT = TELEGRAM_MESSAGE_SIZE_LIMIT logging.getLogger('').addFilter(TelegramBotFilter()) identity = config.BOT_IDENTITY self.token = identity.get('token', None) if not self.token: log.fatal( "You need to supply a token for me to use. You can obtain " "a token by registering your bot with the Bot Father (@BotFather)" ) sys.exit(1) self.telegram = None # Will be initialized in serve_once self.bot_instance = None # Will be set in serve_once compact = config.COMPACT_OUTPUT if hasattr(config, 'COMPACT_OUTPUT') else False enable_format('text', TEXT_CHRS, borders=not compact) self.md_converter = text()
[docs] def serve_once(self):"Initializing connection") try: self.telegram = telegram.Bot(token=self.token) me = self.telegram.getMe() except telegram.TelegramError as e: log.error("Connection failure: %s", e.message) return False self.bot_identifier = TelegramPerson(, first_name=me.first_name, last_name=me.last_name, username=me.username )"Connected") self.reset_reconnection_count() self.connect_callback() try: offset = self[UPDATES_OFFSET_KEY] except KeyError: offset = 0 try: while True: log.debug("Getting updates with offset %s", offset) for update in self.telegram.getUpdates(offset=offset, timeout=60): offset = update.update_id + 1 self[UPDATES_OFFSET_KEY] = offset log.debug("Processing update: %s", update) if not hasattr(update, 'message'): log.warning("Unknown update type (no message present)") continue try: self._handle_message(update.message) except Exception: log.exception("An exception occurred while processing update") log.debug("All updates processed, new offset is %s", offset) except KeyboardInterrupt:"Interrupt received, shutting down..") return True except Exception: log.exception("Error reading from Telegram updates stream:") finally: log.debug("Triggering disconnect callback") self.disconnect_callback()
def _handle_message(self, message): """ Handle a received message. :param message: A message with a structure as defined at """ if message.text is None: log.warning("Unhandled message type (not a text message) ignored") return message_instance = self.build_message(message.text) if['type'] == 'private': message_instance.frm = TelegramPerson(, first_name=message.from_user.first_name, last_name=message.from_user.last_name, username=message.from_user.username ) = self.bot_identifier else: room = TelegramRoom(, message_instance.frm = TelegramMUCOccupant(, room=room, first_name=message.from_user.first_name, last_name=message.from_user.last_name, username=message.from_user.username ) = room self.callback_message(message_instance)
[docs] def send_message(self, msg): super().send_message(msg) body = self.md_converter.convert(msg.body) try: self.telegram.sendMessage(, body) except Exception: log.exception( "An exception occurred while trying to send the following message " "to %s: %s" % (, msg.body) ) raise
[docs] def change_presence(self, status: str = ONLINE, message: str = '') -> None: # It looks like telegram doesn't supports online presence for privacy reason. pass
[docs] def build_identifier(self, txtrep): """ Convert a textual representation into a :class:`~TelegramPerson` or :class:`~TelegramRoom`. """ log.debug("building an identifier from %s" % txtrep) if not self._is_numeric(txtrep): raise ValueError("Telegram identifiers must be numeric") id_ = int(txtrep) if id_ > 0: return TelegramPerson(id=id_) else: return TelegramRoom(id=id_)
[docs] def build_reply(self, msg, text=None, private=False, threaded=False): response = self.build_message(text) response.frm = self.bot_identifier if private: = msg.frm else: = msg.frm if msg.is_direct else return response
@property def mode(self): return 'telegram'
[docs] def query_room(self, room): """ Not supported on Telegram. :raises: :class:`~RoomsNotSupportedError` """ raise RoomsNotSupportedError()
[docs] def rooms(self): """ Not supported on Telegram. :raises: :class:`~RoomsNotSupportedError` """ raise RoomsNotSupportedError()
[docs] def prefix_groupchat_reply(self, message, identifier): super().prefix_groupchat_reply(message, identifier) message.body = '@{0}: {1}'.format(identifier.nick, message.body)
def _telegram_special_message(self, chat_id, content, msg_type, **kwargs): """Send special message.""" if msg_type == 'document': msg = self.telegram.sendDocument(chat_id=chat_id, document=content, **kwargs) elif msg_type == 'photo': msg = self.telegram.sendPhoto(chat_id=chat_id, photo=content, **kwargs) elif msg_type == 'audio': msg = self.telegram.sendAudio(chat_id=chat_id, audio=content, **kwargs) elif msg_type == 'video': msg = self.telegram.sendVideo(chat_id=chat_id, video=content, **kwargs) elif msg_type == 'sticker': msg = self.telegram.sendSticker(chat_id=chat_id, sticker=content, **kwargs) elif msg_type == 'location': msg = self.telegram.sendLocation(chat_id=chat_id, latitude=kwargs.pop('latitude', ''), longitude=kwargs.pop('longitude', ''), **kwargs) else: raise ValueError('Expected a valid choice for `msg_type`, ' 'got: {}.'.format(msg_type)) return msg def _telegram_upload_stream(self, stream, **kwargs): """Perform upload defined in a stream.""" msg = None try: stream.accept() msg = self._telegram_special_message(, content=stream.raw, msg_type=stream.stream_type, **kwargs) except Exception: log.exception("Upload of {0} to {1} failed.".format(, stream.identifier)) else: if msg is None: stream.error() else: stream.success()
[docs] def send_stream_request(self, identifier, fsource, name='file', size=None, stream_type=None): """Starts a file transfer. :param identifier: TelegramPerson or TelegramMUCOccupant Identifier of the Person or Room to send the stream to. :param fsource: str, dict or binary data File URL or binary content from a local file. Optionally a dict with binary content plus metadata can be given. See `stream_type` for more details. :param name: str, optional Name of the file. Not sure if this works always. :param size: str, optional Size of the file obtained with os.path.getsize. This is only used for debug logging purposes. :param stream_type: str, optional Type of the stream. Choices: 'document', 'photo', 'audio', 'video', 'sticker', 'location'. If 'video', a dict is optional as {'content': fsource, 'duration': str}. If 'voice', a dict is optional as {'content': fsource, 'duration': str}. If 'audio', a dict is optional as {'content': fsource, 'duration': str, 'performer': str, 'title': str}. For 'location' a dict is mandatory as {'latitude': str, 'longitude': str}. For 'venue': TODO # see: :return stream: str or Stream If `fsource` is str will return str, else return Stream. """ def _telegram_metadata(fsource): if isinstance(fsource, dict): return fsource.pop('content'), fsource else: return fsource, None def _is_valid_url(url): try: from urlparse import urlparse except Exception: from urllib.parse import urlparse return bool(urlparse(url).scheme) content, meta = _telegram_metadata(fsource) if isinstance(content, str): if not _is_valid_url(content): raise ValueError("Not valid URL: {}".format(content)) self._telegram_special_message(, content=content, msg_type=stream_type, **meta) log.debug("Requesting upload of {0} to {1} (size hint: {2}, stream type: {3})".format(name, identifier.username, size, stream_type)) stream = content else: stream = Stream(identifier, content, name, size, stream_type) log.debug("Requesting upload of {0} to {1} (size hint: {2}, stream type: {3})".format(name, identifier, size, stream_type)) self.thread_pool.apply_async(self._telegram_upload_stream, (stream,)) return stream
@staticmethod def _is_numeric(input_): """Return true if input is a number""" try: int(input_) return True except ValueError: return False